Epiretinal Membrane

An epiretinal membrane, also known as macular pucker or cellophane maculopathy, is a thin…

What is an Epiretinal Membrane?

An epiretinal membrane, also known as macular pucker or cellophane maculopathy, is a thin, transparent layer of scar tissue that forms on the surface of the retina, specifically the macula. The macula is responsible for central vision, allowing you to see fine details and perform tasks such as reading and recognising faces. When an ERM develops, it can distort the normal architecture of the macula, leading to blurred or distorted vision.

Causes of Epiretinal Membrane

The exact cause of epiretinal membrane formation is not always clear. However, the most common risk factors and causes include:

  1. Age: ERMs are more common in individuals over the age of 50, although they can occur at any age.
  2. Eye Conditions or Injuries: Certain eye conditions or previous eye injuries, such as retinal detachment or inflammation, can increase the likelihood of developing an ERM.
  3. Retinal Vascular Diseases: Conditions affecting the blood vessels in the retina, such as diabetic retinopathy or retinal vein occlusion, may contribute to ERM formation.

Treatment Options for Epiretinal Membrane

The treatment approach for epiretinal membranes depends on the severity of symptoms and the impact on your vision. Our experienced ophthalmologists at Medical Optics will carefully evaluate your specific case to determine the most appropriate treatment options. Some of the common treatment options for ERMs include:

  1. Observation: In some cases, mild epiretinal membranes may not require immediate treatment. Close monitoring of the condition through regular eye examinations may be recommended to track any changes in symptoms or vision.
  2. Vitrectomy Surgery: Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove the scar tissue causing the ERM. During the surgery, the vitreous gel inside the eye is removed, and the ERM is peeled off the macular surface. Once the membrane is removed, the vitreous gel is replaced with a clear fluid. This surgical intervention aims to improve vision and reduce distortion caused by the ERM.
  3. Postoperative Care and Follow-up: After vitrectomy surgery, it is important to follow the postoperative care instructions provided by your ophthalmologist. This may include the use of prescribed eye drops, avoiding certain activities or positions, and attending follow-up appointments to monitor the healing process.

Our Expertise at Medical Optics

At Medical Optics, our skilled ophthalmologists have extensive experience in diagnosing and treating epiretinal membranes. We are dedicated to providing you with the highest level of care, tailored to your individual needs. By combining our expertise with advanced technologies and treatments, we strive to achieve the best possible outcomes for your vision health.

If you suspect you may have an epiretinal membrane or have been diagnosed with this condition, we encourage you to schedule an appointment at Medical Optics. Our team will carefully evaluate your case, discuss the available treatment options, and guide you through the process. We are committed to helping you preserve your vision and improve your quality of life.

Book an appointment today

Should you require any assistance or have specific scheduling requirements, our friendly staff is ready to assist you.

Book Appointment

Glaucoma Management

At Medical Optics, we understand the importance of proactive glaucoma management to preserve your vision

Read More

We are open for


Cataract is a common cause of visual impairment in the elderly but can also affect a small number of younger individuals.

Cornea and Conjunctiva

Dry eye is a common condition that is experienced by very many people. It can vary from as little as mild dry...

Diabetic Eye Disease

At Medical Optics, we are committed to providing comprehensive eye care for patients with diabetes...

News and Updates

See all

Contact Lens Wearing Tips

For new wearers, it may not be easy to tell if the contact lenses are inside out because the difference is subtle.

Read more

The Dangers of UV Light

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun can cause sunburn and skin cancer.

Read more

What to do?: Eye Injury

For minor scratches, an eye doctor may simply advise monitoring, making sure no infections occur.

Read more

How to fit eyeglasses to your face shape

How to fit eyeglasses to your face shape?

Read more